9/23/2018

Small Intestine Diseases

Small Intestine Diseases

The small intestine, which is also called small bowel, is the section of the gastrointestinal tract that lies between the stomach and the large intestine. The small intestine makes up duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. Though it is called little intestine, it is actually the largest part of the digestive tract. The length of the small intestine in adults is around 6 meters. Though the large intestine has to do with 1.5 meters long, it is called so due to its width. While the small intestine is around 2.5 to 3.5 cm wide, the size of the large intestine is about 10 cm. Small bowel performs vital functions including digestion of food and absorption of essential nutrients from the food into the body. There are a number of diseases that can affect the function of the small bowel in a negative way.

Drug Interactions

Xanax can interact with certain drugs such as barbiturates, which may exacerbate its sedative properties. Also, antifungal agents like ketoconazole and itraconazole can slow down the metabolism of Xanax, making its sedative effect last longer. So, notify your doctor if your pet is put on any other medication.

Causes: This condition can result from trauma to the intestine during a surgery. Perforation could also occur during treatments such as enema or colonoscopy. Swallowing a sharp object can also lead to an injury. Medical conditions that can make a person susceptible to this condition include appendicitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, diverticulitis, roundworm invasion, or cancer.

Small Intestine Cancer

Cancer is a serious medical condition that is characterized by development of a tumor due to abnormal and unrestrained cell division. Small bowel cancer is rare when compared with other cancers of the intestinal tract. There are five kinds of cancer that can affect the small bowel. These include adenocarcinoma, intestinal stromal growth, lymphoma, sarcoma, and carcinoid tumors.

Stools floating is perfectly normal, thanks to its high water content. Stools that drift normally have brownish-yellow color. They are soft, but that does not mean they are watery. Most importantly, they are not hard, hence one does not experience any pain during bowel movement. Normal stools that float have a diameter of around 3-3.5 cm and they do not produce any foul odor. Likewise, the floating poop is not large in size and every bowel movement tosses 3-4 medium-sized stools.

Symptoms: A person who is suffering from this condition is likely to experience symptoms such as pain, a feeling of fullness, extreme gas, swollen stomach, diarrhea, bloating, or stomach cramps.

Side Effects

Sleepiness is the most commonly observed side effect of Xanax in dogs. So your pet if put on this antianxiety medication may become too sleepy. However, this excessive sleepiness can make your pet somewhat clumsy. However, this sedative result in your pet may indicate that it has been administered in higher dosages than prescribed. Xanax, when given at a lower dose, can help relieve anxiety without causing any sedation. So make sure that the drug is administered in the right dose. Other side effects that might take place consist of gastrointestinal upset, which may cause vomiting, gas, and diarrhea.

Excellent or Bad?

Now we have finally reached the conclusive point of the uncertainty about flaxseed oil. Well, despite being mentioned as the wealthiest plant source of various nutrients, flaxseed and its oil has various side effects. Although rich in fatty acids, they are not enough to provide you all the health and healing properties that you need. In truth, various scientific studies have shown in the past that the majority of the so-called advantages of flaxseed oil are nothing but a marketing extravaganza. In order to increase up their sales and market value of their products, many producers have begun to attract support for a couple of false health effects.

Is true that this oil contains different essential nutrients, but their amount is not enough to provide significant health benefits! Thus, according to scientists, claims of flaxseed oil being effective against different kinds of cancer like prostate cancer, breast cancer, inflammation and different inflammatory diseases and various autoimmune illness, are not so true. In fact, experts claim that increased consumption of this oil may rather worsen particular medical conditions like diabetes and gastrointestinal illness.

Ulcerative Colitis

Another kind of inflammatory bowel disease associated with white fluffy mucus in stool is the condition known as ulcerative colitis. This occurs when part of the digestive system is chronically irritated, and ulcers form on the lining of the colon. Bleeding may occur in these ulcers, accompanied by the production of pus or mucus, which may be eventually passed in the stool. Symptoms other than mucus, might include rectal bleeding, abdominal cramps, weight loss, bloody diarrhea, fatigue, and dehydration.

Fatigue, Nausea and Diarrhea (Medical Symptom)

Possible causes of Fatigue, Nausea and Diarrhea (Medical Symptom) Fatigue is a subjective feeling of tiredness which is distinct from weakness, and has a ...

Symptoms: Children affected by this condition are most likely to experience severe abdominal pain, bloating, irregularity, nausea, vomiting and sudden weight loss. In adults, the symptoms include joint pain, seizures, fatigue and anemia. Irregularities in menstruation might be experienced by women who suffer from celiac disease.
  • Treatment: Issues can occur when the contents of the intestinal tract spill over from the perforation into the abdomen.
  • The treatment of this condition involves repairing the perforation through surgery.

Treatment - if the condition gets diagnosed at an early stage, then medications to soften stools, suppositories and other medications are good enough to fix the condition. However, when the condition becomes too severe to be treated with medicines, surgery is the only choice to repair the problem.

Signs: The symptoms of these conditions include abdominal pain, cramps, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and weight loss.

  • Treatment: The treatment involves the use of anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • In severe cases, surgery may be recommended.

Small Bowel Overgrowth Syndrome

Both the small and large intestine consist of specific strains of bacteria. A person is diagnosed with small bowel bacterial overgrowth when these bacteria are present in unusually large numbers in the small intestine.

  • Causes: Certain medical conditions can put a person at a greater risk of developing SBBO.
  • These include selective IgA shortage, motility conditions, diabetes, digestive obstruction, diverticulosis, and scleroderma.

Diverticulitis

Diverticulitis is a condition that develops when the diverticula or the sacs located inside the stomach get inflamed. Sharp stomach pain, fever, nausea, modifications in bowel routines, etc., are the symptoms of diverticulitis.

Doctors are still not able to trace the causes of this bowel condition. Researchers believe that a bacterial infection in the intestinal tract may lead to IBS. If the intestine is sensitive to certain foods, it can damage the colon giving rise to IBS. A weakened immune system vulnerable to viral infections may also lead to IBS.

Individuals with IBS have sensitive bowels that simply can not tolerate alcohol intake. The inflammation due to alcohol consumption can set off intestinal spasms and worsen this inflammatory condition of bowels. The preliminary mood enhancing feeling of drinking alcohol may be followed by days of debilitating abdominal pain and diarrhea. So, if you are complaining about IBS, alcohol can make it agonizingly painful.

Causes

As aforementioned, blood in stools is a warning sign of a disease, more specifically a gastrointestinal disorder. The most common causes of red or tarry stools include stomach ulcers and damage to the veins in the stomach throughout vomiting. Other causes are provided below:

Diarrhea,Constipation,Nausea

Signs: The symptoms for this condition include groin pain, a feeling of pressure or heaviness in the groin, trouble in passing stool, development of a lump in the groin, and intestinal clog. The intensity of pain may increase when the affected specific bends, coughs, or laughs. Hernia that becomes caught in the groin area is called incarcerated hernia. Strangulated hernia is a complication of hernia. It happens when the blood supply is cut off to incarcerated hernia. It needs immediate medical attention.

Other Causes

Medical issues associated with gastrointestinal system can also lead to floating and foul-smelling stool. However, in this case, feces floating is frequently accompanied by discoloration of stools. Also the water content and the texture in these stools deviates from regular expectations. It is explained below:

  • The exact cause for this condition is still not known, but abnormal contraction of the digestive tract might be a factor.
  • This type of muscle contractions could be either due to an irregularity of the brain (which manages muscle contraction) or the colon.
  • Most of the affected people experience either diarrhea or constipation mostly.
  • In some patients, both conditions may alternate, due to the spastic action of the colon.
  • Spastic colon causes include trigger factors, like certain foods, stress, other health problems, like gastrointestinal infections.

Bacterial infections of the gastrointestinal tract, that triggers inflammation of the intestine can also cause drifting stools. For instance, people affected with irritable bowel syndrome, pass stools that tend to float. Also, in this condition, too much of mucus is observed in the stools. Also, during bowel movement the person experiences abdominal cramps. Inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis that cause inflammation and development of ulcers in the intestinal tract can also lead to feces floating. Besides, blood in the stools can also be detected and is followed by abdominal cramping. In this condition, the stool also appear black and tarry.

Lifestyle Changes

As stress has been considered as one of the causes of IBS, a part of the treatment also consists of taking up measures which might help in managing stress. Parents must ensure that their kids are getting enough sleep, along with enough time to be involved in video games and sports. They must also be aware if the kids are working excessive at school, and if they are in some way avoiding meals in any part of the day.

  • Ovarian Cyst: Ovarian cyst could be yet another cause.
  • This is caused when a cyst, which is a fluid filled sac, is formed in the left ovary of a woman.

Beside all these medical reasons, the pain may be because of injury or an abdominal muscle strain due to strenuous activity, like heavy workout or lifting up heavy objects. While conditions like gastritis or irritable bowel syndrome are not life-threatening, ectopic pregnancy or colon cancer certainly requires immediate medical attention. It is always recommended to avoid self-diagnosis and get proper treatment done.

PDF File Save this article in .pdf format.